Tax Saving Investments Options: Top 8 Investment Strategies for Financial Stability

Explore types of tax saving investments options that offer tax benefits and help you make informed tax saving investment decisions to maximize tax savings.

Tax saving investments options in India are various schemes that allow individuals to reduce their taxable income and save taxes. Some of the popular options are:

  • ELSS funds: Equity-linked savings schemes that invest in the stock market and have a lock-in period of three years.
  • PPF: Public provident fund that offers guaranteed returns and tax-free interest for 15 years.
  • NPS: National pension system that allows individuals to save for retirement and get tax benefits on contributions and withdrawals.
  • Insurance: Life and health insurance policies that provide coverage and tax deductions on premiums paid.

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What are Tax Saving Investments Options in India?

Investment TypeDescription  Interest rate(%)  
Equity-Linked Saving SchemesMutual funds that invest primarily in equities   ~10%
Public Provident Fund  Long-term government-backed savings scheme   ~7.1%
National Pension Scheme Retirement-focused investment with equity and debt options  ~9% – 12%
Tax-saving Fixed Deposits Fixed deposits with a specific lock-in period  ~5.5% – 7.75%
National Savings Certificate Government-backed savings instrument with a fixed interest rate~7.0 % – 7.7 %
Unit Linked Insurance Plans  Insurance-cum-investment products with tax benefits            –
Sukanya Samriddhi YojanaScheme for the financial well-being of the girl child  ~7.6%
Infrastructure Bonds  Bonds issued for infrastructure projects  ~7.5 %- 8.25 %


tax saving investment options
Tax saving investment options

80C investment options

Equity-Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS)

ELSS is a popular investment tax saving scheme option that combines the potential for capital appreciation with tax benefits. These mutual funds primarily invest in equities and have a lock-in period of three years.

Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, investments in ELSS are eligible for a deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh from your taxable income.

Since ELSS reserves are secured for a long time, there is no chance of acknowledging transient capital increases. Therefore, you can realize only long-term capital gains. These gains of up to Rs 1 lakh a year are made tax-free, and any gains above this limit attract a long-term capital gains tax at 10%.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

PPF is a government-backed long-term tax saving scheme investment that offers both tax benefits and guaranteed returns.

Contributions made to PPF accounts are eligible for deduction under Section 80C, with a maximum annual investment limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh.

The premium acquired and development continues are tax-exempt. The current PPF interest rate is 7.1% p.a. which is compounded annually. The Finance Ministry sets the interest rate every year, which is paid on 31st March.

National Pension Scheme (NPS)

NPS is a retirement-focused tax saving investment scheme that offers tax benefits under Section 80C and Section 80CCD (1B).

Contributions made to NPS are eligible for deduction up to Rs. 1.5 lakh under Section 80C, and an additional deduction of Rs. 50,000 is available under Section 80CCD (1B).

NPS provides the flexibility to choose between equity and debt investments based on risk appetite. NPS financing costs have differed between 9% – 12%.

After retirement, people can pull out a piece of the collected sum in a singular amount, which is covered at 60%. The remainder of such sums are utilized to put resources into an annuity plan. In this manner, the recipient will get decent month-to-month benefits.

Tax-Saving Fixed Deposits (FDs)

Many banks offer tax saving investment fixed deposits with a lock-in time of five years. Interests in charge saving FDs fit the bill for derivation under Segment 80C.

In any case, the premium procured on these FDs is available according to your personal expense piece rate. The Lock-in time of these stores is 5 years and the assessment saving FD loan costs ordinarily range from 5.5% – 7.75%.

National Savings Certificate (NSC)

NSC is a government-backed tax saving instrument that offers a fixed interest rate and a lock-in period of five years. Interests in NSC are qualified for allowance under Segment 80C.

The premium acquired is available, however, it meets all requirements for reinvestment under Segment 80C. The Union government has increased the interest rate of the National Savings Scheme from 7.0 % to 7.7 % for the April-June quarter of 2023.

Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs)

ULIPs are insurance-cum-investment products that offer tax saving benefits along with life coverage. Premiums paid towards ULIPs are eligible for deduction under Section 80C.

Moreover, the maturity proceeds are tax-free under Section 10(10D) if the sum assured is at least ten times the premium paid.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY):

SSY is a government scheme aimed at promoting the financial well-being of the girl child.

Contributions made to SSY accounts are eligible for deduction under Section 80C, with a maximum annual investment limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh.

The premium procured and development continues are charge free. The current Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana loan fee for FY 2022-2023 is 7.6% accumulated every year.

Infrastructure Bonds:

Investing in specific infrastructure bonds issued by authorized entities allows you to claim deductions under Section 80CCF, over and above the Rs. 1.5 lakh limit under Section 80C.

However, these bonds usually have long lock-in periods and limited availability. Most infrastructure bonds that have been launched have a coupon interest rate between 7.5 % and 8.25 %.


Tax saving investments not only help reduce your tax liability but also enable you to create a diversified investment portfolio. By considering the various options mentioned above, you can make informed decisions based on your financial goals, risk appetite, and investment tax-saving requirements.

However, it’s advisable to consult with a tax professional or financial advisor to understand the specific tax implications and benefits of each investment option based on your circumstances. Invest wisely, save on taxes, and secure your financial future.

FAQs regarding Tax saving investment options

Q1: What is the benefit of investing in tax saving schemes?

A: Tax saving investments offer the dual advantage of reducing your taxable income and helping you grow your wealth. By investing in these options, you can lower your tax liability while potentially earning returns on your investments.

Q2: Can anyone invest in tax saving investments?

A: Yes, tax saving investments are open to individuals who are eligible to file income tax returns in their respective countries. However, it’s essential to check the specific eligibility criteria and investment limits for each investment option.

Q3: How much tax can I save through tax saving investments?

A: The amount of tax savings depends on the investment option and the tax laws of your country. In general, investments eligible for deductions under relevant tax sections can help reduce your taxable income by up to a specified limit, typically outlined in tax laws.

Q4: Can I invest in multiple tax saving options?

A: Yes, you can invest in multiple tax saving options to maximize your tax benefits. However, be mindful of the overall investment limits set by tax laws to ensure you stay within the eligible deduction thresholds.

Q5: Are tax-saving investments risk-free?

A: Different tax-saving investments carry varying degrees of risk. For example, equity-based investments like ELSS and ULIPs are subject to market fluctuations, while fixed-income options like tax-saving FDs and NSC offer more stability. It’s crucial to understand the associated risks and choose investments that align with your risk tolerance and investment goals.

Q6: Can I withdraw my investments before the lock-in period ends?

A: Many investment tax savings have a lock-in period during which premature withdrawals are not allowed. It’s important to consider the lock-in period associated with each investment option and be prepared to keep your funds invested for the specified duration.

Q7: Are the returns from tax saving investments taxable?

A: The tax treatment of returns from investment tax saving varies. Some investments, such as PPF and SSY, offer tax-free interest earnings and maturity proceeds. Others, like tax-saving FDs, ULIPs, and infrastructure bonds, may have tax implications on interest earnings or maturity proceeds. Consult tax laws or a tax professional for precise information regarding the tax treatment of specific investments.

Q8: Can non-resident individuals invest in tax saving schemes?

A: The eligibility of non-resident individuals to investment tax saving options depends on the tax laws of the respective country. Some investment options may be restricted to residents, while others may be available to both residents and non-residents. It’s advisable to check the specific rules and regulations applicable to your situation.

Q9: Are tax saving investments suitable for short-term goals?

A: Investment tax savings generally have a lock-in period, which makes them more suitable for long-term financial goals. If you have short-term goals, consider other investment options that provide liquidity without compromising your tax-saving objectives.

Q10: Do tax saving investments guarantee returns?

A: Investment tax savings, like any other investment, does not guarantee returns. The returns on these investments are subject to market conditions, the performance of the underlying assets, and other factors. It’s important to assess the risk and potential returns associated with each investment option before making a decision.

Disclaimer: Remember to consult with a financial advisor or tax professional to understand the specific tax implications and benefits of each investment option based on your circumstances and the tax laws applicable to your country.


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