10 Essential Facts About Sovereign Gold Bonds

Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) are government securities denominated in grams of gold. They are a safe and secure investment option for those who want to invest in gold but do not want to deal with the hassles of storing physical gold.

Read More: Tax Saving Investment Schemes

SGBs offer several advantages over physical gold. First, they are a paper-based investment, which means that they are not subject to the same risks of theft or loss as physical gold. Second, they earn interest, which means that your investment will grow over time. Third, they are tax-efficient, as long as you hold them for at least 3 years.

Sovereign Gold Bonds Comparison with Physical Gold

SGBs offer several advantages over physical gold, but there are also some disadvantages. Here is a comparison of the two investment options:

FeatureSovereign Gold BondsPhysical Gold
SafetySafe and secureCan be stolen or lost
StorageNo need to storeRequires safe storage
InterestEarns interestDoes not earn interest
Tax efficiencyTax-efficient after 3 yearsTaxable as capital gains
LiquidityLiquid, can be easily bought and soldLess liquid, may be difficult to sell quickly

how to purchase sovereign gold bond

Sovereign Gold Bonds

Investment Limits

The maximum investment limit for Sovereign gold bonds is 4 kilograms per fiscal year for individuals and HUFs. For trusts and similar entities, the maximum limit is 20 kilograms per fiscal year.

Age Limit

There is no age limit for investing in Sovereign gold bonds. However, if you are under the age of 18, you will need to have a guardian who can open an account for you.

Sovereign gold bonds Interest Rate

The interest rate on SGBs is fixed at 2.5% per annum. This interest is paid out semi-annually.

Digital Discount

A digital discount of 0.5% is available on SGBs that are purchased online. This discount is available to all investors, regardless of their age or investment amount.

Next Available Tranche of Gold Bonds 2024

As per the RBI circular, the upcoming issuance of Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB) is scheduled from February 12 – February 16, 2024. The actual date of issuance is set for February 21, 2024.

How to purchase Sovereign gold bond

Know how to invest in Sovereign gold bonds: To invest in SGBs, you can visit any bank, post office, or stockbroker that is authorized to sell them. You can buy SGBs in physical, digital, or dematerialized form.

If you buy a Sovereign gold bond in physical form, you will be issued a certificate that represents your investment. You can keep this certificate in a safe place or you can deposit it with a bank.

If you buy Sovereign gold bonds online, your investment will be held in your demat account. You can access your SGBs through your demat account and you can sell them at any time.

Tax implications of investing in Sovereign gold bonds

The interest income from SGBs is taxable as long-term capital gains if the bonds are held for more than 3 years. If the bonds are held for less than 3 years, the interest income is taxable as short-term capital gains.

The capital gains on SGBs are taxed at a flat rate of 20%. However, there is a long-term capital gains exemption of ₹3 lakhs per individual per financial year.

Risks associated with investing in Sovereign gold bonds

The main risk associated with investing in SGBs is the risk of gold price volatility. If the gold price falls, the value of your SGBs will also fall.

However, SGBs are a relatively safe investment as they are backed by the government of India. The government has a long history of paying its debts on time, so there is a very low risk of default on SGBs.

Other benefits of Sovereign gold bonds

In addition to the interest payments and tax benefits, Sovereign gold bonds also offer some other benefits, such as:

  • Easy liquidity: SGBs are listed on the NSE and BSE, so you can easily sell them if you need cash.
  • No storage costs: You do not need to store SGBs in a safe place, as they are held in your demat account or in the books of the RBI.
  • No making charges: SGBs are free from making charges, which are often charged when you buy physical gold.


  • You can buy Sovereign gold bonds through banks, post offices, and stockbrokers.
  • You can hold SGBs in physical, digital, or dematerialized form.
  • SGBs are listed on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).
  • You can redeem SGBs at any time before maturity.
  • The maturity period for SGBs is 8 years.

We hope this article has helped you learn more about Sovereign Gold Bonds. If you have any further questions, please feel free to leave a comment below.

FAQs on Sovereign Gold Bonds

Q1. What are Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs)?

SGBs are government securities issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on behalf of the Indian government. They are denominated in grams of gold and offer a fixed interest rate, currently at 2.5% per annum (as of October 2023). Investors receive redemption based on the gold price at maturity or early exit (after 5 years).

Q2. What are the advantages of investing in SGBs over physical gold?

  • Liquidity: SGBs are more liquid than physical gold as they can be traded on stock exchanges (after the minimum holding period).
  • Security: No risk of theft or storage costs associated with physical gold.
  • Guaranteed return: Receive a fixed interest rate on your investment over the bond’s tenure.
  • Capital appreciation: Potential benefit from rising gold prices.
  • Tax benefits: Capital gains tax exemption upon maturity and interest income is taxable at concessional rates.

Q3. Who can invest in SGBs?

The scheme is open to resident Indian individuals, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), trusts, universities, and charitable institutions.

Q4. What is the investment limit?

Individuals can invest up to 4 kg of gold per fiscal year (April-March). There is a separate limit of 20 kg for trusts and institutions.

Q5. How can I purchase SGBs?

SGBs are issued in tranches through designated banks and authorized stockbrokers. You can apply online or offline through these channels.

Q6. What is the tenure of SGBs?

The maturity period is 8 years, with an option for early redemption after 5 years.

Q7. What happens at maturity?

You receive the final redemption amount based on the then-prevailing gold price. This includes the principal invested and the accrued interest.

Q8. Can I sell SGBs before maturity?

Yes, you can trade SGBs on stock exchanges after the minimum holding period of 5 years. However, the market price may be different from the gold price at that time.

Q9. Are SGBs a safe investment?

SGBs carry the sovereign guarantee of the Indian government, making them a safe investment option. However, they are still subject to gold price fluctuations, so you may experience losses if the price falls.

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This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered financial advice. Please consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

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