Chhath Puja 2023 Date: A Celebration of the Sun God and Nature

Explore Chhath Puja 2023, a unique festival honoring the Sun God with rituals, traditional foods, and cultural significance. Join the devotion!y

Chhath Puja is one of the most ancient and revered festivals in India, celebrated primarily in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and the Terai region of Nepal. It is a four-day festival dedicated to the worship of the sun god, Surya, and his consort, Chhathi Maiya, who is also known as Shashthi Devi.

Chhath Puja is a celebration of gratitude, devotion, and purification, as devotees seek blessings from the sun for the well-being and prosperity of their families and the fertility of their lands. Chhath Puja is also a harvest festival, as it is celebrated during the post-harvest season when farmers thank the sun for a bountiful crop.

Read More about Free Simple New Mehndi Design Images 2023

Read more about Beautiful Rangoli Designs for Chhath Puja 2023

History and Significance of Chhath Puja

The history of Chhath Puja can be traced back to ancient Vedic texts, making it one of the oldest festivals in India. It is believed that Chhath Puja has been celebrated for more than 2,000 years. The word “Chhath” originates from the Sanskrit word “Shashthi”, which means the sixth day, indicating that the festival is celebrated on the sixth day of the lunar month after Diwali.

Chhath Puja 2023
Chhath Puja 2023 date

There are several legends and stories associated with Chhath Puja, which highlight its importance and significance. Some of the most popular ones are:

  • Chhath Puja is linked to the epic of Ramayana, as it is believed that Lord Rama and his wife Sita performed the rituals and observed the fast after returning to Ayodhya from their 14-year exile. They offered prayers to the sun god at sunrise and sunset to express their gratitude and seek his blessings.
  • Chhath Puja is also connected to the epic of Mahabharata, as it is believed that Karna, the son of Surya and Kunti, used to worship the sun god by standing in water and offering prayers at sunrise and sunset. This is how the practice of standing in water and performing the rituals of Chhath Puja began.
  • Another legend from Mahabharata states that Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas, observed the Chhath fast to overcome the difficulties and challenges faced by her and her husbands. She also prayed to the sun god for the restoration of their lost kingdom.
  • Another story relates Chhath Puja to the birth of Luv and Kush, the sons of Lord Rama and Sita. It is said that Sita observed the Chhath fast during her pregnancy, and as a result, she gave birth to healthy and divine children.

Read More about Thekua Recipe with Jaggery

Rituals and Traditions of Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja is a festival that involves rigorous fasting, abstaining from water, and offering prayers to the sun god at sunrise and sunset. The festival spans four days, each with its own unique significance and rituals. These days are:

Nahay Khay

The first day of Chhath Puja is called Nahay Khay, which means bathing and eating. On this day, devotees wake up early and take a holy bath in the sacred waters of the Ganga or other rivers. This purifying bath symbolizes the cleansing of sins and the preparation for the upcoming rituals. After the bath, a single meal, called Satvik Lauka Bhaat, is consumed. This meal is prepared without the use of onion, garlic, or any non-vegetarian ingredients, emphasizing purity and simplicity.

Chhath Puja Nahay Khay
Nahay Khay

Lohanda and Kharna

The second day of Chhath Puja is called Lohanda and Kharna, which means fasting and breaking the fast. On this day, devotees observe a strict fast, and in the evening, they prepare a special prasad (offering) consisting of jaggery, thekua (a sweet snack), and fruits. This prasad is distributed among family and friends, and the fast is broken after eating it. The fast is resumed after the sunset, and the devotees spend the night on the banks of the river or pond, where they will perform the next day’s rituals.

Sandhya Arghya

The third day of Chhath Puja is called Sandhya Arghya, which means evening offering. This is the most important day of the festival, as devotees offer their prayers to the setting sun. They dress in new and colorful clothes, and carry a basket of fruits, flowers, sweets, and other items to the river or pond.

They also make a bamboo basket, called soop, which contains five types of fruits, sugarcane, rice laddoos, and thekua. They stand in the water and offer the soop and the water to the sun god, while chanting hymns and songs. They also light earthen lamps and incense sticks, and decorate the place with colorful rangoli (patterns made with colored powder). They seek the blessings of the sun god for the health, happiness, and prosperity of their families and the world.

Sandhya Arghya
Sandhya Arghya

Usha Arghya

The fourth and final day of Chhath Puja is called Usha Arghya, which means morning offering. On this day, devotees offer their prayers to the rising sun, which marks the end of the festival. They repeat the same rituals as the previous day, but this time, they face the east direction. They also offer the soop and the water to the sun god, and thank him for his grace and benevolence. They then break their fast by eating the prasad and drinking the water that has been offered to the sun god. They also greet and hug each other, and exchange wishes and gifts.

Usha Arghya
Usha Arghya

Chhath Puja 2023 Date and Celebrations

Chhath Puja 2023 will be celebrated from November 17 to November 20, 2023. Devotees will observe the rituals and customs with utmost devotion, seeking blessings from Chhathi Maiya and Surya Dev.

Benefits and Blessings of Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja is a festival that brings many benefits and blessings to the devotees and the society. Some of the benefits and blessings are:

  • Chhath Puja is a festival that enhances the physical, mental, and spiritual well-being of the devotees. The fasting, bathing, and praying help in detoxifying the body, mind, and soul, and improve the immunity and vitality of the devotees. The worship of the sun god also helps in curing various diseases and ailments, and promotes longevity and vitality.
  • Chhath Puja is a festival that strengthens the family and social bonds, and fosters a sense of harmony and unity among the people. The festival brings together people from different walks of life, and encourages them to share and care for each other. The festival also instills a sense of respect and gratitude for the elders, the nature, and the culture.
  • Chhath Puja is a festival that celebrates the bounty and beauty of nature, and teaches the devotees to live in harmony with the environment. The festival acknowledges the role of the sun god in sustaining life on earth, and urges the devotees to conserve and protect the natural resources. The festival also promotes the use of eco-friendly and biodegradable materials, and discourages the use of plastic and other harmful substances.
Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja 2023

Read more about Mehndi Design 2023


Chhath Puja 2023 is a festival that showcases the rich and diverse culture and heritage of India, and reflects the faith and devotion of the people. It is a festival that honors the sun god, the source of life and energy, and expresses gratitude and reverence for his blessings. It is a festival that celebrates the joy and happiness of life, and spreads the message of love and peace.

Chhath Puja is a festival that is not only a religious occasion, but also a social and cultural phenomenon. It is a festival that connects the past with the present, and the human with the divine. It is a festival that is worth witnessing and experiencing, and one that will leave a lasting impression on the mind and heart.


Leave a comment

Social media & sharing icons powered by UltimatelySocial

Enjoy this blog? Please spread the word :)